Yakutia is famous not only for its history, cultural heritage, mineral wealth, but also for its unique nature. A well known yakutian brand «The Pole of Cold» provokes interest in the whole world and forms a basis for a scientific and cultural dialogue between different countries and peoples.
Verkhoyansk is situated in 650 km to the North-East from the capital of the Sakha Republic Yakutsk, in the basin of the Yana river and its tributaries the Batagay, the Adycha, the Dulgalakh, the Sartan. The Verkhoyankiy region (137.428 sq.km) lies in the area of permafrost. The depth of bedding is 300-500 m. 80 per cent of the territory of the region is situated beyond the Polar Circle and its largest part is under the Verkhoyansk system of mountains (the absolute height is 2365 m.). An average temperature in January is about 47-48 degrees of C below zero, in July is about 16-17 degrees of C above zero.
Since the 19th century Verkhoyansk has been considered to be the coldest place on the Earth. The first meteorological observations were conducted here in 1868-1870 years by a political exile, ethnographer Ivan Khudyakov. In December of 1869 he registered temperature 63 degrees of C below zero and this measurement gave academician G.I.Wild, who was one of the founders of the russian meteorologhy, a reason to name Verkhoyansk the Pole of Cold. The lowest temperature in Verkhoyansk was registered by an exile revolutionary Sergey Kovalik on the 15th of January, 1885 -67,8 degrees of C below zero. It is an extrelow temperature for an inhabited part of the Earth. How do people survive superextreme conditions? In the Verkhoyanskiy region agriculture is conducted. It includes meat and milk cattle breeding, horse and reindeer breeding and fur farming. Mining industry is also developing here. Geological searching is extended. The infrastructure of tourism and local industries, as well as museum activity are developing fast. The transport circuit is being improved. (By Svetlana G. Alexseeva, Yakutia. The Pole of Cold. Verkhoyansk)